At the dusk of WWII, global politics transformed from the bleak dirty politics of multipolarity and chaos to a promising de facto type of international governance in shape of UNO, but soon the vision of UNO was muddied with the commencement of Cold War and Bipolarity and it continued till the end of tectonic shifts such as the fall of Berlin Wall in 1989 and the Collapse of USSR in 1991. The berlin wall was a symbol of division during whole of the cold war period.
Just two years earlier US President Ronald Reagan spoke at the Brandenburg Gate on June 12, 1987 saying “We hear from Moscow about a new openness,” he also said “Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!” That, events would soon lead to the wall coming down and with such speed was never predicted. During the cold war and after the fall of Berlin wall many nations were confronted with different options and challenges; depending upon their previous affiliation with any group and Pakistan was no exception in that case. Pakistan has played a vital role in the cold war’s developments which ultimately led to the fall of Berlin Wall and the reign of bipolarity.
Whole world was divided during the cold war. Soon after WWII and the commencement of Cold War Sub Continent was divided into two independent states Pakistan and India and as other nations they had to opt for either camp: Communism or Capitalism. The three leaders Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru of India, President Gamal Abdul Nasser of Egypt and President Tito of Yugoslavia were bold enough to charter a new course in 1955 in global politics by not being aligned to either blocs.
Role of Pakistan In Berlin Wall Pak Can Learn From Berlin Wall lessons
However later development allied their policies and Pushed India closer to Russia and Pakistan either intentionally or unintentionally fell into capitalist camp. In 1951 on invitation of China’s Government, PMLiaqat Ali Khan visited US which were taken globally as Pakistan’s tilt towards capitalism. Afterward Pakistan became as the main ally of US in containing communism in south Asia. Pakistan helped, throughout cold War’s era, strengthening US bloc and containing communism.
The events of 9 November 1989; the fall of Berlin Wall, changed the world and Pakistan had a pivotal role in realizing this dream of US because it fought for ten long years against Communist bloc in Afghanistan which not only weekend Russia’s influence in South Asia but it also became difficult for her to hold Germany divided anymore. As Germany celebrated unification in less than a year’s time on 3 October 1990, it was hard to imagine that geopolitics would get another major shock when the Soviet Union imploded in December 1991 and if not all, at least a major share of credit goes to Pakistan’s Policy of Strategic depth in Afghanistan.
These two events; the fall of Berlin Wall and the collapse of USSR in 1991, changed the world politics drastically which Francis Fukayama referred as the ‘The End of History”, and Pakistan share a due credit in this. Since the collapse of USSR and the triumph of Liberalism and Capitalism, opened new avenues of Policy for many nations and same is the case for Pakistan.
Now she needs to bury the hatched with all communist bloc countries and build new alliances because the World is still faced with multifaceted challenges such as terrorism, climate change, Global Warming and Health issue which needs to be tackled collectively but the idea of Global Governance is still lacking in its letter and spirit. With events of Berxit, victory of Donald Trump in US, and emergence of China and populace movements in Europe; the world seems again on its way towards multipolarity and Chaos. It’s dire need of the hour for the world leaders to ponder over the challenges of contemporary world and devise a plan how to tackle.