Pakistan Political History Since 1947 With Timeline Approach

Pakistan Political history change shifts from the Democratic government to the dictatorship and this is just because the instability in the Pakistani politics provides the dictators that vacant position through which they can conquer the administration and that is one major reason for which Pakistan is amongst one of those countries in the world which have experienced martial law several times in their short span of independence.

Pakistan Political History

On 14th August 1947 Pakistan got that all important independence and it was when Liaqat Ali Khan became the first prime minister and Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah became the first Governor General of the state. From the very start Pakistan has preferred the Parliamentary democracy. The government was being moved smoothly until 1951 when the militant conspiracy was being implanted when he Military Intelligence (MI) director-general Major-General Syed Shahid Hamid foiled an attempted coup d’état, planned by Major-General Akbar Khan, then Chief of General’s Staff of the Generals Headquarter (GHQ) which resulted in the first ever Martial law in Pakistan in the year 1958 when General Ayub Khan imposed the dictatorship in the state.

Pakistan Political History Since 1947Source: http://www.ezilon.com/maps/images/asia/Pakistan-physical-map.gif

In the tenure of General Ayub Khan the relations of Indo-Pak were getting bad to worse and in such dangerous situation as attack or the urge of war were being inevitable and that happened in 1965 when the Kashmir war broke up in the two states which set the dispute in between the West and East Pakistan. General Ayub Khan arrested Mujeeb-ur-Rehman who was the influential leader of the East Pakistan which further enhanced the unrest amongst the people which laid the foundation of the separation of East and West Pakistan.

Soon Ayub Khan was being replaced by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who regained the democracy in the state, as the popularity of Bhutto was being acknowledged all over the state and even internationally soon proved to be harsh for him as again the urge of martial law was on its peak when Bhutto was being arrested and martial law was being imposed by General Zia-ul-Haq, for the second time in the history of Pakistan. The third and the latest martial law which seemed to be very productive in the favor of the state unlike other martial law were in 1998 when General Pervez Musharaf imposed it and once again dictatorship was being implemented in Pakistan.

He ruled the state for 10 years before 2008 when the general elections took placed after the assassination of Benazir Bhutto, which turned the battle in the favor of Pakistan People’s Party Parliamentarian which resulted in the new President of the state Asif Ali Zardari, who seemed to be incompetent to rule the state but he is the only elected president who has completed his official tenure as the head of the state before he handed over the powers to the Mamnoon Hussain, the elected president from the General elections of May 2013 belonging to the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz.