- A School of criticism that is draws on Carl Jung’s theory of the collective unconscious
- Collective unconscious is a reservoir of experiences and common thoughts that all cultures share
- Jung believes that literature is an expression of the main themes of the collective unconscious
- Human collective unconscious is populated by instincts and by archetypes
- Jung argued that collective unconscious had a profound impact on the lives of individuals
- Jung considered collective unconscious to strengthen and surround the unconscious mind, distinguishing it from the personal unconscious of Freudian psychoanalysis
Four major archetypes are
- An archetypes that represents the unification of the consciousness and unconsciousness of an individual.
- Jung often represented the self as a circle, square.
- Creation of the self occurs through a process known as individuation.
- Individuation is a procedure in which different aspects of personality are integrated
- Part of unconscious mind that is composed of repressed ideas, instincts, desires, weaknesses, and shortcomings
- Often described as a darker side of the personality representing chaos, wildness, and the unknown. Jung believed, people sometimes deny this element of their own psyche and project it onto others, While, this latent disposition is present in all of us.
- Shadow may appear in dreams or visions or in a variety of forms like snake a muster, or exotic figure etc
- The word “persona” is derived from a Latin word that means “mask”
- Not a literal mask
- It is how we present ourselves to the world
- The persona represents different social masks that people wear among different situations
- Persona may appear in dreams and take a number
- anima is feminine image in the make psyche
Anima or animus
- Animus is male image in female psyche
- Serve as a primary source of communication with the collective unconscious
- It represents “true self” rather than the image we present to others